Nursing - Beer Could Reduce Heart Disease Risk - Essay Writing Assessment Answer

March 05, 2018
Author : Ashley Simons

Solution Code: 1AGJJ


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Nursing Assignment

Assignment Task

Beer could reduce heart disease risk

Their metareview of 150 studies has found moderate and regular consumption of beer, along with healthy diet and lifestyle, appears to have no detrimental effects. Photo / iStock

Mediterranean scientists say drinking around 1.4 pints of beer a day could actually reduce the risk of heart diseases by a quarter.

Their metareview of 150 studies has found moderate and regular consumption of beer, along with healthy diet and lifestyle, appears to have no detrimental effects.

They say it could actually lessen the risk of cardiovascular disease.

Spokesman for New Zealand's Brewers Association Kevin Sinnott said with the rise of more options and boutique beers, people are already changing the way they are drinking it here anyway.

"We're lucky these days in New Zealand there's such a range of beer, for example there's over 120 breweries now operational in New Zealand, so New Zealanders are enjoying that and their drinking responsibly and moderately in the most part."

Mr Sinnott said obviously that's not the case for everyone, but the industry is working hard to encourage even more moderate consumption.

"Our binge culture days largely are over, we're really are making a lot of improvement in the way we drink, and for most New Zealanders having a beer or two with good food or with friends, that's how we drink."

Mr Sinnott said the new research is great news for people who drink beer this way.

Write a 1,500 essay on the following:

Discuss whether or not you think this journalist has come to a fair conclusion based on evidence from the original article. Using evidence from the scientific literature, discuss how media portrayal of scientific findings impacts the behaviour of the general public.


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Numerous studies favour the relationship involving alcohol consumption and ischemic heart risks. It also relates the U-shaped curve in which the corresponding of intake of limited to two drinks every day is connected with lowering down the frequency of heart diseases as compare to the person with nil intake of alcohol, compared with no drinks. On increasing the alcohol intake risk resulted to the higher heart threat (Constant J el al., 1997).

Various experimental data have revealed that alcohol elevated high density lipoprotein [HDL] cholesterol in the serum concentration (Ducimetiere P et al., 1993). Increase in high density lipoprotein serve as natural root for a fundamental relation between alcohol intake with the lowering down the heart diseases (Stampfer, M et al., 1991) More than a part of the advantageous consequence of alcohol is due to the increase in the high density lipoprotein. The other potential factor with individual lifestyle like diet, physical activity and obesity contradicts this calculation. On other possible mechanism behind the cardio protective nature of alcohol is its effect on the function of platelet. Some studies support the increase in the thrombin in individual with alcohol intake, thrombin adenosine disphosphate (ADP) with collagen induces the platelet aggregation [Renaud S et al., 1992) ]. In conclusion the cardio-protective role of the alcoholic drinks because of an increase of high-density lipoprotein with capability of alcohol to avoid aggregation of the platelet and amplified fibrinolysis (Ducimetiere P et al., 1993).

According to Taskinen et al. chronic alcoholics having normal liver role usually display normal level of triglycerides with low density lipoproteins (LDL) and increase in high-density lipoproteins. This suggests sufficient cause for a decreased risk of heart risk. There is an increase in high density lipoprotein in individual who intakes alcohols occur for small time duration after consumption, so after a certain period of self-denial the high density lipoprotein comes to the normal range. Study conducted by Belfrage et al. displayed increase in the high density lipoprotein by 30% after having the alcohol for five times per day for one month. According to Castelli et al. the quantity of alcohol per day concoction cannot only raise MIL but reduces LDL to the similar degree as diet. Hartung et al. showed in data collected on the premenopausal women reasonable volume of alcohol as three glasses of wine/day indicated no effect on the amount of high density lipoprotein. The probable reason could be the increase in the amount of high density lipoprotein start in energetic premenopausal women as equal to the long runner males is not receptive. Moore et al. showed that consumption of one beer per day for 2 months duration with the patients having medical history of early heart risk increased level of apoprotein A1 an important lipoprotein component of HDLF8 (Rim EB et al.,1996).

Mukamal KJ et al. followed the 106 myocardial infection patients for 16 years. The comparison of alcoholic and non alcoholic individuals the risk ratios for myocardial infection were 0.98 with low alcohol consumption and 0.59 for moderate alcohol ingestion 0.38 for high alcohol drinking and 0.86 for extreme alcohol intake(Mukamal, KJ et al., 2006).

International assessment data propose on comparing the types of alcohol like wine,beerand liquor for the cardio-protective behaviour wine showed the most favourable. Because of the presence of the potential antioxidants in wine. Still, forthcoming population studies advise that every drink type mayreduce heartrisk. The role of intoxicating beverage choice in heart riskremains unsettled (Klatsky, AL et al., 1997).

The finest proof to moderator whether organizations exist linking of alcohol ingestion and coronary threat with heart disease come according to the data of observation, in which person drinking of the alcohol can be concurrent straight to heart threat. Even if case-control study of food habits and chronic risk may create unfair data because of the pre-eminence of control set dataor discrepancy remember of history of alcohol intake, remind of precedent alcohol intake is not as difficult as is recall of many other exposure. Additionally, general studies of case control of total of beer intake and coronary risk have create opposite relations alike to persons as of likely studies. Approximately all legion studies locate a burly contrary organization among total alcohol consumption and heart infection, but no reliable prototype has discovered for exact types of imbibe. In three large studies in which the total utilization of all alcoholic brewdveges types would be maximum and the data would supply the most steady relation risks, all three types of drink confer a drop in heart disease threat. Data from the legion studies concluded that if some kind of sip does give additional cardiac and vascular system advantage separately as of alcohol satisfied, the advantage is likely to be self-effacing at finest or perhaps limited to convinced subpopulations (Xu WH et al., 2007).

Apart from the cohort studies, environmental studies have their own significant boundaries. In a number of countries minute parts of the inhabitants free to have drunk a huge amount of exact kind of intoxicating drink so that standard per capita expenditure might be an inexact illustration. In countries, for example France, standard per capita expenditure of alcohol may be additional delegate because of this particular is intoxicated by a lot of the people. In addition, which might appear near exist a reasonable or small stage of expenditure of feelings on the foundation might facade extreme expenditure by a minute amount of the resident? In countries for example, United States drinking of wine be likely to be of superior social and economic position, contain a improved existence, and include improved admittance to fitness care; therefore, the better opposite organization among wine expenditure and death from coronary threat of heart disease might be answered in fraction by a lesser of casualty (de Gaetano G et al., 2016).

Studies showed that burly connection between per alcohol consumption and death due to heart risk but poor correlation for smoking and death from heart risk. However, afterward studies have exposed great relations involving smoking and death from heart risk. This defines the significance of confirm the natural data of the marks from study by additional precise protocol.

If no solitary category of drink provides all cardiovascular advantage, then why do results from a number of creature legion studies propose a powered alliance for one exacting kind of a drink. The difference flanked by study might exist due to dissimilar consumption outline or aspect of existence concurrent with option of drink in exacting populations. Studies conducted simply single alcohol type was considerably linked with summary heart threat, that drink was frequently inspired by much of the residents, classically at fixed level. This example of extensive “healthy” consumption is additional possible to obtain with meal than is grave or periodic consumption by a minute proportion of residents (Weidemann F et al., 2003).

In study followed up by expert, the drink consumed by all be the majority usually addicted kind of down and were the mainly powerfully defensive, sum alcohol intake was powerfully related with the sum of days with alcohol consumption.This suggests that state of mind were obsessive week days and were not limited to heavy weekend intake. On the other hand, a study conducted at the Copenhagen city, showed spirit intake did not affects coronary heart risk, very fewer men and the women 8.5% and 4% respectively reported consumption of alcohol in form of spirit for regular once a day. Since this minute example of customers of spirits might contain had dissimilar consumption pattern on or after the remaining of the people in Copenhagen, give details the lack of a cardio-protective effect for that type of drink (Trulsen T et al.,1998).

Klatsky et al showed that consumption pattern and description linked with option of having specific to different sex with specific a predilection for any of the chief drink types.On Comparing with persons who preferred spirits wine customers were fewer likely and beer liker’s were extra likely to extend heart risk. These changes were approximately total removed after additional alteration for sex, race, and other factors of lifestyle. This strongly supports that proof that description linked with alternative of imbibes may make clear the diverse qualified risks linked with type of drink in dissimilar populations. The behavioural description that linked with option of gulp force differs extensively along with dissimilar residents.

Although most environmental studies, cohort studies as well as experimental data supports that the basis of alcohol intake is advantageous, the practical trouble of these study limit their helpfulness in illustration conclusion. Largely of the difference in conclusion concerning exact drink kind are most likely owing to difference in pattern of consumption exact types of intoxicating drink and to incompatible links with last hazard factors. In summary from observation data where creature utilization be able to be assess in feature and related straight to heart disease threat , supply tough confirmation that a considerable quantity of the profit of alcoholic drinks are attributable principally.

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