Organisational Behaviour - Leadership Theories - Assessment Answer

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Question:Organisational Behaviour

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Organisational Behaviour Assignment

Assignment Task

1. Motivation

Visit www.greatplacetowork.co.ukand take a look at the UK’s 50 best places to work, as well as the 100 best workplaces in Europe.

Find out what these companies do to motivate their staff.

2. Activity (Group Behaviour and Team at Work)

Please read the following case study from your prescribed textbook and answer the 3 questions at the end:

Case Study: "Why don’t teams work like they’re supposed to?" p.263

3. Activity (Leadership)

Task

Watch the following video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XKUPDUDOBVo(Ten Leadership Theories in 5 minutes)

Activity:

Answer the following questions:

1. What is the difference between trait and behaviour theories of leadership? are the theories valid?

2.How can organisations select and develop effective leaders? provide 1 example.

4. (Power & Politics)

Please read the following case study from your prescribed textbook and answer the 4 questions at the end:

Case Study: Delegate power or keep it close?" p.360.

5. (Conflict & Negotiations)

Please read the following case study from your prescribed textbook and answer the 3 questions at the end:

Case study: "Choosing your battles?"p.391

6.(Organisational Change)

Answers the following questions:

1. Identify three to five sustaining innovations that have affected you over the past year.

2. Identify three to five disruptive innovations that have affected you. Did you welcome these innovations because they were Beneficial’s, or did you have cause to complain

7. (Cultures)

Based on your studies of Organisational Behaviour in the past 11 weeks, explain whether interpersonal skills, motivation, group behaviour, leadership style, conflict management, structure, predominant leadership style, training and HRM practices are all culturally relative

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Solution:

Motivation

The workplace is one of the most important things for a person in order to lead their life. On the other hand, recognition of being best workplace in the United Kingdom brings the employer a brand image to choose their country of working. In the year of 2016, RHP group has achieved top ranking in the participation of the survey of the best workplace in the United Kingdom. Followed by RHP group, Cosatto Limited ranked second for choosing best workplace and Goodman Masson Ltd ranked 3rd, R. Twining & Company Limited ranked 4th and UK Fast ranked 5th best-working places in the United Kingdom (Greatplacetowork.co.uk. 2016).

According to the index employee survey, the selection has been achieved. According to the survey of selecting best workplace in Europe, Mars ranked first. Daimler Financial Services ranked second in multinational companies. EMC stands third as the best workplace in Europe. Cisco ranked fourth and Adecco ranked fifth as the best workplace in Europe. Coming to the best large workplace in Europe, Davidson is the best workplace in Europe, Torfs ranked second and Accent Jobs ranked third in the best workplace in Europe. Vincit is the best workplace in small and medium companies. Canning ranked second in Europe and Cygni has been awarded as 3rd best workplace all over Europe (Greatplacetowork.co.uk. 2016).

Group Behaviour and Team at work

Elements of successful teamwork as identified by Hackman and its necessity for effective team performance

As mentioned by Hackman, the team must be kept small. The members must be consistent. The performance of the team members depends a lot on the members of the team. As identified by the author, 10% of the members agree upon who would be the team members. The elements identified are essential for effective team performance. By following the identified elements, teams can work efficiently.

Other conditions necessary for teams to be effective

Hackman has identified some of the elements needed for effective teamwork. However, some of the other elements, which are necessary for effective teamwork, are agreeing upon a common goal, among the team. The members must keep the team spirit. Any difference in opinion among the members must be solved as soon as possible else, it may hamper the team performance.

Steps to be followed as a team leader

As a team lead, I would follow Hackman’s model and try to implement the elements identified for effective teamwork. Tuckman’s model may also be followed. According to Tuckman and Jensen (1977, p.425), Tuckman’s model identifies four stages: Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing. Choosing the team members during the first stage of team formation is important. Storming is identifying the critical issues among the team members. Norming is about agreeing upon a common goal. Thus, following these steps, the performing stage can be successful. By following these, I would be able to form a team and enhance the overall performance.

Activity (Leadership)

The specific theory takes advantage to be a good leader of an organisation. There is the truth of various different theories, which can be implemented to the leadership. Therefore, it is important to judge the theory that can have distinctive perspectives. There might right or wrong theory that needs to listen to the music as well as the opinion of different theories of leadership. It also helps to describe the theories that can help to develop a behavioural theory of the leadership. Many people have a belief that leaders are born and they are not made. They also believe that there are some of the innate standards need to be a good leader. Therefore, behavioural trait theory helps to develop some possibility of being good leadership. (YouTube. 2016).

The traditional concept of developing leadership does not require hierarchy. It is an incomplete appreciation of true leadership. Efficient leadership need technical development as well. Good leadership require attitude as well as behaviour that make characterization and make a relation to humanity. Serving is one of the basic things that need to be developed for the leadership role. Good leadership needs to involve the serving of the organisation.

Power & Politics

Prioritising which project or parts of projects to delegate as Samantha Parks

The projects or parts of a project to be delegated must be chosen after analysis. Samantha Parks should choose which work to delegate depending on the expertise staffs working under her. She might delegate he projects to staffs who are an expert in a certain domain. She might also choose her dedicated and hard working staffs and delegate parts of her project, having close deadlines.

Dealing with concerns about power control

Samantha Parks could rely on her creative staffs, yet monitoring their works and course of action. Moreover, she can give the staffs some authority to work independently, yet not giving much control to them.

Maintaining the position of executive as controller

Executives might try to control their staffs in order to keep the authority in their hands. Moreover, they might control the projects as a whole, yet giving them some liberty to work independently. The staffs must be given the liberty to express their creativity and work independently; however, the final decisions must be in control of the executives.

Responsibilities that should not be delegated

Executives might give some authority and control to the staffs, however, some of the decisions must not be delegated to the others. The decisions involving the economic stability or financial reports must not be delegated to others. Moreover, decisions of taking up a project, deciding upon the cost of the project must be kept under the control of the executives.

Conflict & Negotiations

Dealing with unspoken conflicts

The managers have to deal with unspoken conflicts very cautiously. The manager must first ensure that the issue is important enough to be discussed. The manager must focus on how the conflict can be resolved, rather than focusing on who wins the conflict. Moreover, the fundamental values must be revisited and the issues must be treated morally. If the manager can successfully, then disagreements can be opened up in public and discussed to be resolved.

Efficient use of conflict management skills

According to Lefevre et al. (2002, p.155), the conflict management strategies such as accommodation, avoiding, collaboration, compromising, competing might be used to effectively manage conflicts. By using these skills efficiently, the negotiator might be able to bring a positive integrative solution.

Situation where silence has worsened situations

In my own life, I have faced situations of organisational conflicts. The conflicts among the team members could not be solved since I kept silent about the problem being faced by the team. However, if I would have initiated an open conversation then, the conflict between parties could have been solved. I realised that an open conversation between the parties in conflict could have established a better relation among the conflicting parties. I could have spoken in order to resolve the conflict, rather than thinking who would win and who would lose.

Organisational Change

There are some strategies of sustaining innovations help to create the psychological conditions. Pollack (2015) stated that one of the strategies is to develop a clear sense of the direction. Changing the culture engages the changing in mind. However, an initiative for developing clear sense helps to achieve the target and the speed of the journey as well. Open communication can be helpful for detecting sustaining innovations of an organisation. Reducing bureaucracy is also one of the vital strategies for identifying the sustainable innovations. In addition, sense of ownership, recognition and rewards to make consistent as well as tolerance of risk and failure help to detect sustainable innovations of the organisation.

Some innovations affect common people. It creates the new market as well as value network and disrupts the existing market. Displacing the established firms of market leading that has products as well as alliances. Disruptive innovation also affects the process to make innovation faster compared to the requirements of the customers. In addition, there is need of generating the products that are sophisticated. Organisations need to pursue the sustaining innovations in the higher marketplace. Characteristics of the disruptive business involve the stages to be more attractive in existed solution. In fact, these disruptive innovations are quite beneficial because they change the nature of lives we live generally.

Cultures

Sonnentag and Pundt (2015) commented that interpersonal skills help to be able along with other people at the time of performing the work. Characteristics traits such as manners, attitude and courtesy make the organisation achieve their target. It also helps to make communication and maintain the relationship with different people. Motivation is one of the most important things that need to be adopted in an organisation. It helps the organisation to develop their skill and help to achieve the target of the organisation. Good leadership skill can motivate staffs and develop interpersonal skills within an organisation.

Tan and Jeyaraj (2014) mentioned that structure of an organisation help to give the overview of the organisation by which a person can take an overview of the organisation. It involves different activities like allocation of a task, making coordination as well as supervision that help to achieve the target of an organisation. Each of the activity needs to make predominant styles. In addition, HRM practices also help to the staffs of the organisation to have the best practices in the organisations. The responsibility of human resource manager has a major role in providing best practices for the staffs of the organisation. Group behaviour is a kind of activity that helps to build a systematic group within an organisation, which helps to achieve the target of the organisation.

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