Accounting - Accounting Policies, Changes In Accounting Estimates And Errors - Assessment Assignment

November 02, 2018
Author : Ashley Simons

Solution Code: 1EBB

Question: Accounting Assignment

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Accounting Assignment

Assignment Task

Question 1  Accounting policies, changes in accounting estimates and errors Blake Ltd is finalising its financial statements for the reporting period ending 30 June 2015. A number of unrelated scenarios still need to be considered and accounted for before the financial statements are finalised:

  1. a)   The company has, in the past, always recognised a provision for warranties equal to 5% of sales made during the year. Due to increasing warranty costs and the number of goods returned under warranty, the directors would like to increase the provision to 8% of sales made during the year. The provision for warranties account currently has a balance of $12,000, which is the balance carried forward from 30 June 2014. Sales for the year ended 30 June 2015 amounted to $460,000.
  2. b)   During the verification process for accounts payable, it was discovered that an amount of $80,000, incurred in May 2015 and payable to a supplier for raw materials, was recorded in the accounting records as $8,000. The $80,000 owing at 30 June 2015 was paid in July 2015.
  3. c)   During the verification process for office equipment, it became apparent that an item of office equipment that was thought to be on hand at 30 June 2014 had actually been destroyed in April 2014. The item had a cost of $40,000 and accumulated depreciation of $24,000. No depreciation has been calculated or recorded as yet for the year ended 30 June 2015.
  4. d)   During the verification process for accounts receivable, it was discovered that the sales manager had undertaken fraudulent activity – raising fake sales invoices in June 2015. The motivation of the manager was to ensure that his sales targets were met, so that he was eligible for his performance bonus. The fake sales invoices amounted to $122,000, with this entire amount included in the accounts receivable balance at 30 June 2015.
  5. e)   On 1 July 2014, the directors revised the useful life of its building (acquired 2 years earlier on 1 July 2012 for $600,000, with an estimated useful life of 20 years and residual value of nil on this date). On 1 July 2014, the remaining useful life was estimated to be 30 years. The building has been depreciated using the straight-line method over its useful life. No depreciation has been calculated or recorded as yet for the year ended 30 June 2015.

Assume all amounts are material for financial statement purposes. Required: With reference to AASB 108, explain whether each of the above scenarios is a change in accounting estimate or an error. State the appropriate accounting treatment (including any journal entries needed) for each scenario in the 2015 financial statements.  

Marking Guide - Question 1 Max. marks awarded
Classification as change in accounting estimate or error 5
Discussion to support classification decision, including references to AASB 108 5
Appropriate accounting treatment and journal entries 5

    Question 2  Accounting for share capital On 1 April 2015, Sage Ltd was registered and issued a prospectus inviting applications for 2,000,000 shares, at an issue price of $3.50, payable as follows:

  • $1.00 on application
  • $1.50 on allotment
  • $0.50 on first call
  • $0.50 on final call

By 30 April, applications had been received for 2,100,000 shares. At the directors’ meeting on 3 May, it was decided to allot shares to the applicants in proportion to the number of shares for which applications had been made. The surplus application money was offset against the amount payable on allotment. All outstanding allotment money was received by 10 May. Legal costs re company formation were $7,000 and were paid on 11 May. Share issue costs of $3,000 were also paid on the same date. The first call was made on 1 September 2015, with money due by 30 September 2015. The final call was made on 2 January 2016, with money due by 31 January 2016. All money owing in relation to the two calls was received by the due dates except for the holders of 100,000 shares who did not pay either call, and the holder of another 20,000 shares who did not pay the second call. On 10 March 2016, as provided in the company’s constitution, the directors forfeited these 120,000 shares. On 25 March 2016, the forfeited shares were reissued as fully paid for a consideration of $2.80 per share. Costs of forfeiture and reissue amounted to $4,000, and were paid. The constitution allowed for the refund of any balance in the forfeited shares account after reissue to former shareholders, so refunds were made on 28 March 2016. Required: Prepare the journal entries to record the transactions of Sage Ltd up to and including that which took place on 28 March 2016. Show all relevant dates, narrations and workings.  

Marking Guide - Question 2 Max. marks awarded
Journal entries 11
Dates 2
Narrations and workings 2

    Question 3  Accounting for income tax Frog Ltd has prepared its draft statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income and statement of financial position on 30 June 2015. The statements are prepared before considering taxation. The following information is available:  Extract from statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income for the year ended 30 June 2015  

  $ $
Gross profit   758,000
Other income:    
Rent revenue   14,000
Royalty revenue (exempt from income tax)   5,000
Proceeds from sale of plant   29,000
     
Expenses:    
Administration expenses 116,500  
Doubtful debts expense 4,000  
Salaries 270,200  
Rent 26,000  
Annual leave 13,500  
Entertainment expenses (not tax deductible) 2,000  
Warranty expenses 12,000  
Carrying amount of plant sold 40,000  
Depreciation expense - plant 14,000  
Depreciation expense - motor vehicles 8,000  
Insurance 10,400 (516,600)
Accounting profit before tax     289,400

 Assets and liabilities as disclosed in the Statement of Financial Position as at 30 June 2015  

  2015 $ 2014 $
Assets:    
Cash  196,500 7,000
Inventory  210,000 85,000
Accounts receivable 76,000  34,000
Less Allowance for doubtful debts (8,600) (5,000)
Rent receivable  2,000 3,000
Prepaid insurance  1,200 500
Plant - cost 70,000 120,000
Less Accumulated depreciation (46,000) (42,000)
Motor vehicles - cost 32,000 32,000
Less Accumulated depreciation (20,500) (12,500)
Deferred tax asset  ? 17,160
     
Liabilities:    
Accounts payable  17,300 12,800
Provision for annual leave  16,200 23,000
Provision for warranties  21,500 18,700
Current tax liability  ? 32,600
Deferred tax liability  ? 2,925
Loan payable  20,000 30,000

  Additional information:

  • All administration, rent and salaries expenses incurred have been paid as at year end.
  • Tax deductions for annual leave, warranties, insurance and rent are available when the amounts are paid, and not as amounts are accrued.
  • Amounts received from sales, including those on credit terms, are taxed at the time the sale is made.
  • Rent income is taxed when amounts are received, and not as amounts are accrued.
  • The company can claim a tax deduction of $10,500 for depreciation on plant, and $12,000 for depreciation on motor vehicles. Accumulated depreciation for tax purposes at 30 June 2014 was $31,500 for plant, and $18,750 for motor vehicles.
  • The plant sold during the year (sold on 1 July 2014) had been purchased for $50,000 on 1 July 2013. For taxation purposes, the plant was depreciated at 15% p.a.
  • The tax rate is 30%.

  Required: i)  Determine the balance of any current and deferred tax assets and liabilities as at 30 June 2015, in accordance with AASB 112. ii)Prepare the journal entries to record the current tax liability and movement in the deferred tax assets and deferred tax liabilities.    

Marking Guide – Question 3 Max. marks awarded
Determination of taxable income and current tax liability 6
Determination of deferred tax assets and liabilities using a deferred tax worksheet 7
Journal entries 2

  Question 4  Property, plant and equipment Walkie Ltd acquires a new motor vehicle on 1 July 2013 for $90,000. The motor vehicle is expected to have a useful life of six years, and has an estimated residual value of $10,000. The straight-line method of depreciation is used. On 1 July 2014, the directors of Walkie Ltd decide to adopt the revaluation model for motor vehicles. The motor vehicle is revalued to $85,000 and its useful life is reassessed: it is expected, at that date, to have a remaining useful life of nine years. The estimated residual value remains unchanged at $10,000. On 30 June 2015, the motor vehicle is revalued to $52,000. On this date, the directors determine that the useful life and residual value does not need to be reassessed. On 30 June 2016, it is determined that the fair value of the motor vehicle does not differ materially from its carrying amount. It is also determined that the useful life and residual value does not need to be reassessed. On 1 January 2017 it is unexpectedly sold for $45,000. Required: Prepare journal entries for Walkie Ltd between 1 July 2013 and 1 January 2017 to record the above. Show narrations and all relevant workings. Assume a tax rate of 30%.  

Marking Guide - Question 4 Max. marks awarded
Journal entries 14
Workings 1

Question 5  Impairment of assets Jack Ltd has a division that represents a separate cash generating unit. At 30 June 2015, the carrying amounts of the assets of the division, valued pursuant to the cost model, are as follows:  

Assets: $
Cash 42,000
Plant and equipment 600,000
Less: accumulated depreciation (120,000)
Land 800,000
Inventory 90,000
Accounts receivable 27,000
Patent 150,000
Goodwill      10,000
Carrying amount of cash generating unit 1,599,000

The receivables were regarded as collectable, and the inventory’s fair value less costs to sell was equal to its carrying amount. The patent has a fair value less costs to sell of $140,000, and the land has a fair value less costs to sell of $825,000. The directors of Jack estimate that, at 30 June 2015, the fair value less costs to sell of the division amounts to $1,500,000, while the value in use of the division is $1,560,000. As a result, management increased the depreciation of the plant and equipment from $40,000 p.a. to $45,000 for the year ended 30 June 2016. By 30 June 2016, the recoverable amount of the cash generating unit was calculated to be $55,000 greater than the carrying amount of the assets of the unit. Required: Determine how Jack Ltd should account for the results of the impairment test at 30 June 2015 and 30 June 2016, and prepare any necessary journal entries. Show all workings and provide references to the relevant accounting standard to support your answer.

Marking Guide - Question 5 Max. marks awarded
Journal entries, calculations and workings for 2015 7.5
Journal entries, calculations and workings for 2016 7.5

Rationale This assessment task is designed to assess your understanding of topics 3 to 7, and the following subject learning outcomes:

  • be able to prepare basic financial statements for reporting entities;
  • be able to discuss critically and comprehensively the statutory and professional requirements upon which published financial statements are based;
  • be able to explain the form and content of financial statements;
  • be able to interpret and apply generally accepted accounting principles and specific financial reporting standards relating to concepts of recognition, measurement, disclosure, revaluation and impairment of key financial statement elements.

These assignments are solved by our professional Accounting Assignment at My Assignment Services AU and the solution are high quality of work as well as 100% plagiarism free. The assignment solution was delivered within 2-3 Days. Our Assignment Writing Experts are efficient to provide a fresh solution to this question. We are serving more than 10000+ Students in Australia, UK & US by helping them to score HD in their academics. Our Experts are well trained to follow all marking rubrics & referencing style.

Solution:

a)

The increase in the warranty provisions from 5% to 8% cannot be said a significant increase and besides that it is not due to any errors. Hence it is a change in accounting estimate. The calculations and accounting entries are as under:

Sales during year  $      460,000
warranty provision % 8%
warranty provision required  $         36,800
Opening provision  $         12,000
Increase in provision  $         24,800

 

Particulars Dr Cr
warranty expenses  $         24,800  
provision for warranties    $ 24,800

 

b)

This is an accounting error and the accounting entry already recorded in the books of accounts is as under:

Particulars  Dr  Cr
purchase  $         8,000  
accounts payable    $         8,000

  Now the remaining difference of $ 72,000 has to be accounted for as under:

Particulars  Dr  Cr
Retained earnings  $      72,000  
accounts payable    $      72,000

 

c)

This is an accounting error and the rectification journal entry is as under.

Particulars  Dr  Cr
retained earnings  $      16,000  
accumulated depreciation - office equipment  $      24,000  
office equipment    $      40,000

 

d)

This is an accounting error and the rectification journal entry is as under.

Particulars  Dr  Cr
Retained earnings  $    122,000  
accounts receivable    $    122,000

 

e)

 

Depreciable value  $      600,000
useful life 20 years
revised useful life 30 years
difference in useful life 10 years
difference in depreciation  $         60,000

  AASB 108 requires that any change in the accounting estimate in respect of useful life shall be applied prospectively. Hence this difference shall not be taken in to account and the depreciation for the upcoming years shall be calculated considering revised useful life.  

Answer 2

Date Details  Debit  Credit
30-04-15 Cash Trust  $ 2,100,000  
  Application    $ 2,100,000
  ( receipt of application money of 2,100,000 @ $ 1)    
       
       
03-05-15 Application  $ 2,000,000  
  Share Capital    $ 2,000,000
  ( allotment of 2,000,000 shares @ $1—amount received on    
  application)    
       
       
03-05-15 Application  $    100,000  
  Allotment    $    100,000
  (  surplus application money transferred to allotment)    
       
       
03-05-15 Cash  $ 2,000,000  
  Cash Trust    $ 2,000,000
  ( transfer of cash received from the share issue to general    
  funds)    
       
       
10-05-15 Cash Trust  $ 2,900,000  
  Allotment    $ 2,900,000
  ( receipt of allotment moneys of 2,000,000 @ $1.45)    
       
       
10-05-15 Allotment  $ 3,000,000  
  Share Capital    $ 3,000,000
  ( allotment of 2,000,000 shares @ $1.50—amount received on    
  allotment)    
       
       
10-05-15 Cash  $ 2,900,000  
  Cash Trust    $ 2,900,000
  ( transfer of cash received from the share allotment to general funds)    
       
       
10-05-15 Cash  $         3,000  
  Share issue cost    $         3,000
  ( cost of share issue)    
       
       
       
01-09-15 First Call  $ 1,000,000  
  Share Capital    $ 1,000,000
  ( call of $0.50 on 2,000,000 shares )    
       
30-09-15 Cash  $    950,000  
  First Call    $    950,000
  ( cash received of $0.50 on 1,900,000 shares )    
       
       
02-01-16 Final Call  $ 1,000,000  
  Share Capital    $ 1,000,000
  ( call of $0.50 on 2,000,000 shares )    
       
31-01-16 Cash  $    940,000  
  Final Call    $    940,000
  ( cash received of $0.50 on 1,880,000 shares )    
       
       
10-03-16 Share Capital  $    420,000  
  First call    $       50,000
  Final call    $       60,000
  Share Forfeited    $    310,000
  ( forfeiture of 120,000 shares)    
       
       
28-03-16 Cash  $    336,000  
  Share Forfeited  $    310,000  
  Share Capital    $    420,000
  Gain on Share Forfeiture    $    226,000
       
       
28-03-16 Share reissue cost  $         4,000  
  Cash    $         4,000
  (Share reissue cost)    

 

Answer 3

i)

The balance of current tax liability as at 30 June 2015 is $ 85,740. The balance of deferred tax assets as at 30 June 2015 is $ 15,090. The balance of deferred tax liability as at 30 June 2015 is $ 3,075.

Current Tax Worksheet as at 30 June 2015
Accounting profit    $ 289,400
Add:    
Doubtful debts  $   4,000  
Entertainment expenses (non-deductible)  $   2,000  
Depreciation expense - Plant  $ 14,000  
Depreciation expense – Vehicles  $   8,000  
Annual leave expense  $ 13,500  
Warranties expenses  $ 12,000  
Insurance expenses  $ 10,400  
Income - Rent received  $ 15,000  $   78,900
Less:    
Royalty Income- Exempt income  $   5,000  
Rent revenue  $ 14,000  
Bad debts  $      400  
Tax depreciation – plant  $ 10,500  
Tax depreciation – motor vehicles  $ 12,000  
Warranties paid  $   9,200  
Insurance paid  $ 11,100  
Leave paid to employees  $ 20,300  $   82,500
Taxable profit    $ 285,800
Current tax liability @ 30%    $   85,740

 

Deferred tax worksheet 30 June 2015
   Carrying Amount  Future Deductible Amount  Tax Base  Taxable Temporary Differences  Deductible Temporary Differences
           
 Assets          
 Plant (net)  $  24,000    $      28,000    $         4,000
 Motor vehicle (net)  $  11,500  $      1,250  $         1,250  $      10,250  
 Liabilities          
 Provision for annual leave  $  16,200  $    16,200  $               -    $       16,200
 Provision for warranties  $  21,500  $    21,500  $               -    $       21,500
 Allowance for doubtful debts  $    8,600  $      8,600  $               -    $         8,600
 Total Temporary Diffs        $      10,250  $       50,300
           
 Deferred tax liability 30%        $        3,075  
 Deferred tax asset 30%          $       15,090
 Beginning balances        $      17,160  $         2,925
 Increase (Decrease) for the year        $    (14,085)  $       12,165

  WORKING:

Rent receivable
Date Particulars  Amount Date Particulars  Amount
01-07-14 Opening balance  $   3,000   Rent received  $ 15,000
  Rent revenue  $ 14,000 30-06-15 Closing balance  $   2,000
  Total  $ 17,000   Total  $ 17,000

 

Prepaid insurance
Date Particulars  Amount Date Particulars  Amount
01-07-14 Opening balance  $      500   Insurance expense  $ 10,400
  Insurance paid  $ 11,100 30-06-15 Closing balance  $   1,200
  Total  $ 11,600   Total  $ 11,600

 

Provision for warranties
Date Particulars  Amount Date Particulars  Amount
  Warranties paid  $   9,200 01-07-14 Opening balance  $ 18,700
30-06-15 Closing balance  $ 21,500   Warranties expense  $ 12,000
  Total  $ 30,700   Total  $ 30,700

 

Provision for annual leave
Date Particulars  Amount Date Particulars  Amount
  Leave paid  $ 20,300 01-07-14 Opening balance  $ 23,000
30-06-15 Closing balance  $ 16,200   Leave expense  $ 13,500
  Total  $ 36,500   Total  $ 36,500

 

Allowance for doubtful debts
Date Particulars  Amount Date Particulars  Amount
  Bad debts written off  $      400 01-07-14 Opening balance  $   5,000
30-06-15 Closing balance  $   8,600   Doubtful debt expense  $   4,000
  Total  $   9,000   Total  $   9,000

 

ii)

   Dr  Cr
Income tax expense  $ 85,740  
Current tax liability    $   85,740
     
     
Deferred tax liability  $ 14,085  
Deferred tax assets    $   12,165
Income tax expense    $     1,920

 

Answer 4

Date Transaction  Dr  Cr
1 Jul 13 Motor vehicle  $ 90,000  
  Bank    $ 90,000
  (Purchase of vehicle)    
       
30 Jun 13 Depreciation    
  Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle  $ 13,333  
  (Depreciation for the year)    $ 13,333
       
       
1 Jul 14 Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle  $ 13,333  
  Motor vehicle    $ 13,333
  (Write down asset to its carrying amount)    
       
1 Jul 14 Plant  $   8,333  
  Gain on Revaluation of Plant (OCI)    $   8,333
  (Revaluation of asset to fair value)    
       
       
1 Jul 14 Income Tax Expense (OCI)  $   2,500  
  Deferred Tax Liability    $   2,500
  (Tax effect of revaluation increase)    
       
       
1 Jul 14 Gain on Revaluation of Motor Vehicle (OCI)  $   8,333  
  Income Tax Expense (OCI)    $   2,500
  Asset Revaluation Surplus    $   5,833
  (Accumulation of net revaluation gain in equity)    
       
       
30 Jun 15 Depreciation  $   8,333  
  Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle    $   8,333
  (Depreciation for the year)    
       
       
30 Jun 15 Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle  $   8,333  
  Motor vehicle    $   8,333
  (Write down asset to its carrying amount)    
       
30 Jun 15 Loss on Revaluation of Motor Vehicle (OCI)  $ 24,667  
  Motor vehicle    $ 24,667
  (Revaluation of asset to fair value)    
       
       
30 Jun 15 Deferred Tax Liability  $   7,400  
  Income Tax Expense (OCI)    $   7,400
  (Tax effect of revaluation increase)    
       
       
30 Jun 15 Asset Revaluation Surplus  $ 24,667  
  Income Tax Expense (OCI)    $   7,400
  Loss on Revaluation of Motor Vehicle (OCI)    $ 17,267
  (Accumulation of revaluation loss to equity)    
       
       
30 Jun 16 Depreciation  $   5,250  
  Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle    $   5,250
  (Depreciation for the year)    
       
       
1 Jan 17 Depreciation  $   2,625  
  Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle    $   2,625
  (Depreciation charge up to point of sale)    
       
       
1 Jan 17 Bank  $ 45,000  
  Accumulated Depreciation  $   7,875  
  Plant    $ 52,000
  Gain on Sale of Plant    $      875
  (Gain on Sale of asset)    

   

Answer 5

Assessment of impairment loss as at 30 June 2015:

First step is to calculate the carrying value of the CGU: Carrying amount of Assets:   Cash $ 42,000 Plant & Equipment $ 480,000 Land $ 800,000 Inventory $ 90,000 Accounts Receivables $ 27,000 Patent $ 150,000 Goodwill $ 10,000 Carrying amount of CGU $ 1,599,000 Recoverable amount $ 1,560,000 Impairment loss $ 39,000     Calculation of recoverable amount:   Recoverable amount is higher of  

  1. i) Fair value less cost to sale i.e. $ 1,500,000.

Or

  1. ii) Value in use i.e. $ 1,560,000

  Thus recoverable amount is $ 1,560,000.   The total impairment loss is $ 39,000. First of all goodwill shall be written down by $10 000. After goodwill is written off, the remaining impairment loss, namely $29,000 shall be written off across the other relevant assets. Other relevant assets are land, plant & machinery and patent (Collier 2012). Para 122 of AASB 136 requires that reversal of impartment loss should be allocated on a prorate basis and the reversal of impairment loss is case of CGU is identified to individual assets. It may be noted that the fair value of land is more than its carrying value, hence land is not impaired individually. The fair value of land is $ 825,000 and its carrying amount is $ 800,000. Thus the remaining impairment loss, which is $ 29,000 has to be allocated between Plant & Machinery and Patent (Considine et al. 2010).   Carrying Proportion Allocation   Net Carrying Amount of impairment loss  Amount   Plant & Machinery  $ 480 000 480/630 $ 22 095 $ 457 905 Patent    $ 150 000 150/630 $ 6 905 $ 143 095 $ 630 000 $ 29 000     Journal entry for recording the impairment loss at 30 June 2015 is:     Impairment loss Dr $ 39,000 Accumulated depreciation and Impairment losses –P&M Cr $ 22,095 Patent Cr $ 6,905 Goodwill Cr $ 10,000 (Allocation of impairment loss)    

Assessment of impairment loss as at 30 June 2016: 

The recoverable amount of impairment loss for CGU is $ 55,000. The amount of impairment loss written down in the year 2015 was $ 39,000. Out of this $ 10,000 was written off as goodwill which cannot be recovered and thus remaining impairment loss of only $ 29,000 can be reversed out of $ 55,000 (Davies 2015).   The journal entry for the reversal of impairment loss is as under:   Accumulated depreciation and Impairment losses – P & M Dr $ 22,095   Patent Dr $ 6,905 Income: reversal of impairment loss Cr $ 24,000 (Reversal of impairment loss)

a)

The increase in the warranty provisions from 5% to 8% cannot be said a significant increase and besides that it is not due to any errors. Hence it is a change in accounting estimate. The calculations and accounting entries are as under:

Sales during year  $      460,000
warranty provision % 8%
warranty provision required  $         36,800
Opening provision  $         12,000
Increase in provision  $         24,800

 

Particulars Dr Cr
warranty expenses  $         24,800  
provision for warranties    $ 24,800

 

b)

This is an accounting error and the accounting entry already recorded in the books of accounts is as under:

Particulars  Dr  Cr
purchase  $         8,000  
accounts payable    $         8,000

  Now the remaining difference of $ 72,000 has to be accounted for as under:

Particulars  Dr  Cr
Retained earnings  $      72,000  
accounts payable    $      72,000

 

c)

This is an accounting error and the rectification journal entry is as under.

Particulars  Dr  Cr
retained earnings  $      16,000  
accumulated depreciation - office equipment  $      24,000  
office equipment    $      40,000

 

d)

This is an accounting error and the rectification journal entry is as under.

Particulars  Dr  Cr
Retained earnings  $    122,000  
accounts receivable    $    122,000

 

e)

 

Depreciable value  $      600,000
useful life 20 years
revised useful life 30 years
difference in useful life 10 years
difference in depreciation  $         60,000

  AASB 108 requires that any change in the accounting estimate in respect of useful life shall be applied prospectively. Hence this difference shall not be taken in to account and the depreciation for the upcoming years shall be calculated considering revised useful life.  

Answer 2

Date Details  Debit  Credit
30-04-15 Cash Trust  $ 2,100,000  
  Application    $ 2,100,000
  ( receipt of application money of 2,100,000 @ $ 1)    
       
       
03-05-15 Application  $ 2,000,000  
  Share Capital    $ 2,000,000
  ( allotment of 2,000,000 shares @ $1—amount received on    
  application)    
       
       
03-05-15 Application  $    100,000  
  Allotment    $    100,000
  (  surplus application money transferred to allotment)    
       
       
03-05-15 Cash  $ 2,000,000  
  Cash Trust    $ 2,000,000
  ( transfer of cash received from the share issue to general    
  funds)    
       
       
10-05-15 Cash Trust  $ 2,900,000  
  Allotment    $ 2,900,000
  ( receipt of allotment moneys of 2,000,000 @ $1.45)    
       
       
10-05-15 Allotment  $ 3,000,000  
  Share Capital    $ 3,000,000
  ( allotment of 2,000,000 shares @ $1.50—amount received on    
  allotment)    
       
       
10-05-15 Cash  $ 2,900,000  
  Cash Trust    $ 2,900,000
  ( transfer of cash received from the share allotment to general funds)    
       
       
10-05-15 Cash  $         3,000  
  Share issue cost    $         3,000
  ( cost of share issue)    
       
       
       
01-09-15 First Call  $ 1,000,000  
  Share Capital    $ 1,000,000
  ( call of $0.50 on 2,000,000 shares )    
       
30-09-15 Cash  $    950,000  
  First Call    $    950,000
  ( cash received of $0.50 on 1,900,000 shares )    
       
       
02-01-16 Final Call  $ 1,000,000  
  Share Capital    $ 1,000,000
  ( call of $0.50 on 2,000,000 shares )    
       
31-01-16 Cash  $    940,000  
  Final Call    $    940,000
  ( cash received of $0.50 on 1,880,000 shares )    
       
       
10-03-16 Share Capital  $    420,000  
  First call    $       50,000
  Final call    $       60,000
  Share Forfeited    $    310,000
  ( forfeiture of 120,000 shares)    
       
       
28-03-16 Cash  $    336,000  
  Share Forfeited  $    310,000  
  Share Capital    $    420,000
  Gain on Share Forfeiture    $    226,000
       
       
28-03-16 Share reissue cost  $         4,000  
  Cash    $         4,000
  (Share reissue cost)    

 

Answer 3

i)

The balance of current tax liability as at 30 June 2015 is $ 85,740. The balance of deferred tax assets as at 30 June 2015 is $ 15,090. The balance of deferred tax liability as at 30 June 2015 is $ 3,075.

Current Tax Worksheet as at 30 June 2015
Accounting profit    $ 289,400
Add:    
Doubtful debts  $   4,000  
Entertainment expenses (non-deductible)  $   2,000  
Depreciation expense - Plant  $ 14,000  
Depreciation expense – Vehicles  $   8,000  
Annual leave expense  $ 13,500  
Warranties expenses  $ 12,000  
Insurance expenses  $ 10,400  
Income - Rent received  $ 15,000  $   78,900
Less:    
Royalty Income- Exempt income  $   5,000  
Rent revenue  $ 14,000  
Bad debts  $      400  
Tax depreciation – plant  $ 10,500  
Tax depreciation – motor vehicles  $ 12,000  
Warranties paid  $   9,200  
Insurance paid  $ 11,100  
Leave paid to employees  $ 20,300  $   82,500
Taxable profit    $ 285,800
Current tax liability @ 30%    $   85,740

 

Deferred tax worksheet 30 June 2015
   Carrying Amount  Future Deductible Amount  Tax Base  Taxable Temporary Differences  Deductible Temporary Differences
           
 Assets          
 Plant (net)  $  24,000    $      28,000    $         4,000
 Motor vehicle (net)  $  11,500  $      1,250  $         1,250  $      10,250  
 Liabilities          
 Provision for annual leave  $  16,200  $    16,200  $               -    $       16,200
 Provision for warranties  $  21,500  $    21,500  $               -    $       21,500
 Allowance for doubtful debts  $    8,600  $      8,600  $               -    $         8,600
 Total Temporary Diffs        $      10,250  $       50,300
           
 Deferred tax liability 30%        $        3,075  
 Deferred tax asset 30%          $       15,090
 Beginning balances        $      17,160  $         2,925
 Increase (Decrease) for the year        $    (14,085)  $       12,165

  WORKING:

Rent receivable
Date Particulars  Amount Date Particulars  Amount
01-07-14 Opening balance  $   3,000   Rent received  $ 15,000
  Rent revenue  $ 14,000 30-06-15 Closing balance  $   2,000
  Total  $ 17,000   Total  $ 17,000

 

Prepaid insurance
Date Particulars  Amount Date Particulars  Amount
01-07-14 Opening balance  $      500   Insurance expense  $ 10,400
  Insurance paid  $ 11,100 30-06-15 Closing balance  $   1,200
  Total  $ 11,600   Total  $ 11,600

 

Provision for warranties
Date Particulars  Amount Date Particulars  Amount
  Warranties paid  $   9,200 01-07-14 Opening balance  $ 18,700
30-06-15 Closing balance  $ 21,500   Warranties expense  $ 12,000
  Total  $ 30,700   Total  $ 30,700

 

Provision for annual leave
Date Particulars  Amount Date Particulars  Amount
  Leave paid  $ 20,300 01-07-14 Opening balance  $ 23,000
30-06-15 Closing balance  $ 16,200   Leave expense  $ 13,500
  Total  $ 36,500   Total  $ 36,500

 

Allowance for doubtful debts
Date Particulars  Amount Date Particulars  Amount
  Bad debts written off  $      400 01-07-14 Opening balance  $   5,000
30-06-15 Closing balance  $   8,600   Doubtful debt expense  $   4,000
  Total  $   9,000   Total  $   9,000

 

ii)

   Dr  Cr
Income tax expense  $ 85,740  
Current tax liability    $   85,740
     
     
Deferred tax liability  $ 14,085  
Deferred tax assets    $   12,165
Income tax expense    $     1,920

 

Answer 4

Date Transaction  Dr  Cr
1 Jul 13 Motor vehicle  $ 90,000  
  Bank    $ 90,000
  (Purchase of vehicle)    
       
30 Jun 13 Depreciation    
  Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle  $ 13,333  
  (Depreciation for the year)    $ 13,333
       
       
1 Jul 14 Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle  $ 13,333  
  Motor vehicle    $ 13,333
  (Write down asset to its carrying amount)    
       
1 Jul 14 Plant  $   8,333  
  Gain on Revaluation of Plant (OCI)    $   8,333
  (Revaluation of asset to fair value)    
       
       
1 Jul 14 Income Tax Expense (OCI)  $   2,500  
  Deferred Tax Liability    $   2,500
  (Tax effect of revaluation increase)    
       
       
1 Jul 14 Gain on Revaluation of Motor Vehicle (OCI)  $   8,333  
  Income Tax Expense (OCI)    $   2,500
  Asset Revaluation Surplus    $   5,833
  (Accumulation of net revaluation gain in equity)    
       
       
30 Jun 15 Depreciation  $   8,333  
  Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle    $   8,333
  (Depreciation for the year)    
       
       
30 Jun 15 Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle  $   8,333  
  Motor vehicle    $   8,333
  (Write down asset to its carrying amount)    
       
30 Jun 15 Loss on Revaluation of Motor Vehicle (OCI)  $ 24,667  
  Motor vehicle    $ 24,667
  (Revaluation of asset to fair value)    
       
       
30 Jun 15 Deferred Tax Liability  $   7,400  
  Income Tax Expense (OCI)    $   7,400
  (Tax effect of revaluation increase)    
       
       
30 Jun 15 Asset Revaluation Surplus  $ 24,667  
  Income Tax Expense (OCI)    $   7,400
  Loss on Revaluation of Motor Vehicle (OCI)    $ 17,267
  (Accumulation of revaluation loss to equity)    
       
       
30 Jun 16 Depreciation  $   5,250  
  Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle    $   5,250
  (Depreciation for the year)    
       
       
1 Jan 17 Depreciation  $   2,625  
  Accum. Dep on Motor vehicle    $   2,625
  (Depreciation charge up to point of sale)    
       
       
1 Jan 17 Bank  $ 45,000  
  Accumulated Depreciation  $   7,875  
  Plant    $ 52,000
  Gain on Sale of Plant    $      875
  (Gain on Sale of asset)    

   

Answer 5

Assessment of impairment loss as at 30 June 2015:

First step is to calculate the carrying value of the CGU: Carrying amount of Assets: Cash $ 42,000 Plant & Equipment $ 480,000 Land $ 800,000 Inventory $ 90,000 Accounts Receivables $ 27,000 Patent $ 150,000 Goodwill $ 10,000 Carrying amount of CGU $ 1,599,000 Recoverable amount $ 1,560,000 Impairment loss $ 39,000 Calculation of recoverable amount:  Recoverable amount is higher of  

  1. i) Fair value less cost to sale i.e. $ 1,500,000.

Or

  1. ii) Value in use i.e. $ 1,560,000

 Thus recoverable amount is $ 1,560,000. The total impairment loss is $ 39,000. First of all goodwill shall be written down by $10 000. After goodwill is written off, the remaining impairment loss, namely $29,000 shall be written off across the other relevant assets. Other relevant assets are land, plant & machinery and patent (Collier 2012). Para 122 of AASB 136 requires that reversal of impartment loss should be allocated on a prorate basis and the reversal of impairment loss is case of CGU is identified to individual assets. It may be noted that the fair value of land is more than its carrying value, hence land is not impaired individually. The fair value of land is $ 825,000 and its carrying amount is $ 800,000. Thus the remaining impairment loss, which is $ 29,000 has to be allocated between Plant & Machinery and Patent (Considine et al. 2010).   Carrying Proportion Allocation   Net Carrying Amount of impairment loss  Amount  Plant & Machinery  $ 480 000 480/630 $ 22 095 $ 457 905 Patent    $ 150 000 150/630 $ 6 905 $ 143 095 $ 630 000 $ 29 000  Journal entry for recording the impairment loss at 30 June 2015 is:  Impairment loss Dr $ 39,000 Accumulated depreciation and Impairment losses –P&M Cr $ 22,095 Patent Cr $ 6,905 Goodwill Cr $ 10,000 (Allocation of impairment loss) Assessment of impairment loss as at 30 June 2016:  The recoverable amount of impairment loss for CGU is $ 55,000. The amount of impairment loss written down in the year 2015 was $ 39,000. Out of this $ 10,000 was written off as goodwill which cannot be recovered and thus remaining impairment loss of only $ 29,000 can be reversed out of $ 55,000 (Davies 2015). The journal entry for the reversal of impairment loss is as under: Accumulated depreciation and Impairment losses – P & M Dr $ 22,095 Patent Dr $ 6,905 Income: reversal of impairment loss Cr $ 24,000 (Reversal of impairment loss)

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